Joints of the Foot and Ankle


The objective of this write-up is to give a quick review of the significant joints of the foot as well as ankle joint, explaining their framework and also function. There are 28 bones as well as 33 joints in the foot and also ankle.

Some feature to support the weight of our bodies, while others are made to disperse that weight and also move us onward. The foot is reasonably steady because there is little cost-free activity between the bones of the foot. The foot has to absorb the shock of the body weight each time we take a step.

Because there are so many small bones in the foot, and much of them verbalize with more than one bone, the names of these joints can get fairly confusing. To add to the complication, various publications will call the joints various names. I have actually tried to consist of as a number of the various names as feasible. I recommend reading this write-up with an open anatomy publication, an image is worth a thousand words.


This joint is made by the articulation in between the talus as well as the distal tibia and fibula. It’s also called the mortise joint, due to its strong resemblance to a mortise joint in woodworking. This joint is in charge of most of the plantarflexion/dorsiflexion of the foot, and also bears 100% of the weight of the body prior to distributing it right into the remainder of the foot.


Likewise called the talocalcaneal joint, this joint is formed by the expression between talus and also calcaneus. The talus sits on the former two-thirds of the calcaneus. Via a combination of motions, the subtalor joint offers inversion/eversion of the ankle joint. When standing, the ground limits the movement of the calcaneus, so subtalor joint activity is essential when weight bearing.


Also called the midtarsal joints, there are a lot of various joints in this category. Essentially, the midtarsal joints are the transitional link in between the hindfoot and also the forefoot. This location contributes to the movement of the calcaneus (inversion/eversion), and also assists the foot change from weight-bearing to walking.

The tarsal joint is really vital in the early stance stage of stride. It is the talus and calcaneus verbalizing with the navicular and also cuboid bones, so there are several names for the joints in this field.


The bones that articulate with the navicular kind several joints. It is simpler to take a look at the function of these joints all at once, as opposed to specify each private joint. The navicular bone goes to the top of the arch of your foot.

This area participates in both hindfoot movement and in midfoot activity. It’s two encountered – it verbalizes the talus as well as calcaneus so on that particular side it aids inversion/eversion, and articulates with the mid foot which includes in dorsi/plantar flexion.


Tarsometatarsal joint feature is a continuation of the transverse tarsal joint – they control position of the metatarsals and also phalanges (toes) about the ground.


These joints make up the balls of your feet. It is where the long bones of your feet (metatarsals) and your toes (phalanges) satisfy. These joints allow flexion/extension of the toes. When the heel leaves the ground, these joints distribute your weight equally across the sphere of the foot, supplying a smooth shift of weight onto the toes.


The toes function to smooth the weight change to the opposite foot in gait and also aid preserve security by pushing against the ground both when standing and also walking.

The foot and ankle are extremely complex structures, working as an unit to support the weight of our bodies, while offering an incredible quantity of motion and also security. The more we recognize concerning the bones and also joints of the foot, the extra we can appreciate what they do.

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